I love rifle length systems, though they have their place. Certainly clearing phone booths is not a 20s fortay… but that long tube as some major advantages to it and you should capitalize on those strengths. How so?
Well, let’s take a look at some of the features that a 20 has going for it:
- Reduced flash due to efficient powder burn
- High velocity
- Smooth shooting system with minimal recoil
- No drama dead nuts reliability
So we have a long gun with high reliability, high velocity, that is soft shooting, yet it’s the poorest selling variant of the AR15 family. The issues are, mainly, with length. Modern soldiers have to disembark vehicles, clear rooms, and do all manner of things that civilians don’t. When I disembark my car, I have a glock on me. If I need my rifle, it would be in the trunk. If I clear my own home, I would prefer, yes, a carbine but if a SHTFANTASY erupted, grabbing the 20 would be an easy choice. I don’t like my 20s stock though, they can be improved by modern upgrades just as easily as carbines…
So if we are going to upgrade a 20, what upgrades compliment it graciously? Effectively even?
Sticking With 55 Grain Ammo…
Velocity is a important factor in hitting a small target at unknown distances. While carbines get shorter and shorter with heavier ammo, I would like to remind rifle shooters that the 55 grain 20 inch barrel screams bullets down range with a very flat trajectory inside of 400 yards. We can keep shooting M193, or we can roll our own pills. One such loading I have been looking at is the Barnes Tipped TSX lead free 55 grain projectile. This bullet has a ballistic coefficient of .27 compared to .25 from the M193. On top of that, it is a reliable expanding projectile that doesn’t rely on fragmentation for its wounding mechanism.
Shooting the Barnes TTSX is something that interests me greatly, and I believe I can push it pretty hard with a fast burning powder such as Accurate 2230. Sighting this projectile in at 100 yards two inches high will give me a maximum point blank range of 312 yards with a 3 inch rise above line of sight and 3 inches below line of sight and hopefully with more accuracy than M193. It looks like the perfect choice for people who prefer a defensive / shtf bullet that shoots as flat as M193 and should be a great option for barrels 16 inches and up.
I realize lately I have been talking about reloads often. I will be creating the *ultimate guide* to apartment reloading here in the next few months. Typically when I write a guide, I go all out and spend considerable time on it and there wont be any new posts for a few weeks. It is important to me to get people reloading so they can add another layer to their shooting, and I realize many AR15 aficionados don’t have a workbench. This guide will take care of you, and give you a safe intro to reloading, with powder recommendations that wont blow you up.
So what other upgrades will benefit a 20?
Fast on target with a Comp:
I recently purchased a M4SD compensator from Griffin Armament. The nice thing about compensating a 20 is that the pressure and concussion are greatly reduced compared to SBR’s. We also have a more complete powder burn out of the 20 and thus (theoretically) less muzzle flash.
Adding a compensator to a 20 gives you a good return for your investment; it will offer less concussion than shorter carbines, a high degree of control, and lessens the recoil even more for rapid follow up shots. The last time I shot my 20 with a compensator with 60 grain reloads, after the first shot I function checked my rifle as I thought it was broken. It kicked so little, that I thought I had a malfunction. Nope, the Cav-Comp I was using mitigated what little recoil the gun and load had.
Why Do I Keep Hearing About 20 inch Reliability?
The 18-20 inch guns are known to be reliable. Why? AR15 reliability is a triangle between the gas port, bolt carrier / buffer weight, and the magazine. Reliability involves the bolt carrier moving to the rear, and then waiting long enough before it moves forward again so the magazine has time to push the bullets up to the magazine feed-lips. The bolt carrier then pushes the round into the chamber and the cycle is complete until you pull the trigger. Why does the 20 inch gun have a reputation for reliability? Let’s break down the typical problems of an un-reliable AR15:
- Bad magazines: Poorly made magazines or older magazines with weak springs? Old generation follower? Possible failures to feed. Your bullets are going to get pushed low into the feed ramps before they are pointing up towards the ramps / chamber, worse yet if you use heavier grained ammo with old magazines and old followers.
- Overgassed: Another common AR15 problem: bolt velocity is greatly increased and this can cause the bolt to bounce foreward off the receiver extension and it may try to feed a round before the magazine has time to push the round to the top of the feed lips. Possible double feeds or failure to feeds.
- Buffer weight too low for the gun? Again bolt velocity is increased and your buffer / carrier could possibly be too fast for the magazine.
So you can see why some carbine owners experience trouble… if the gun cycles too fast, you can get failures to feed. If the magazine can’t keep up, then failures to feed. Modern, quality magazines have made carbines much more reliable, provided they are manufactured correctly.
The reason the 20 inch guns have always been favored for their reliability in the past is that they were typically equipped with a rifle weight buffer, delivered the appropriate volume of gas at the right time to the bolt assembly (as it was designed), and the bolt cycled to the rear at the appropriate velocity and it gave magazines – even old USGI magazines with black followers and tired springs from the 80’s – a good amount of time to push the round up to the top of the feed-lips before it tried to chamber the round.
In the last ten years since the sunset of the assault weapon ban, we have largely solved the carbine issues in the civilian market due to increasing use of the H2 buffer weight, and the high availability of brand spanking new, quality made magazines with superior anti-tilt followers.
Today, carbine reliability issues are very much solved… but that doesn’t mean every manufacturer drills the gas port to the proper size, or equips the rifle with the proper buffer weight, and that doesn’t mean there aren’t crap magazines out there. A newbie will not know these things and he wonders why his gun is running like crap. I will say that modern carbines are every bit as reliable as a rifle so long as they are built to a standard of quality. So does the 20 inch vs carbine reliability matter today? Honestly, *not as much*, but if you want that theoretical maximum reliability and long parts life, then the 20 inch gun will be a superior platform.
I don’t think the 20 is dead. It’s seeing a bit of a resurgence, but it is still second fiddle to carbines. Take advantage of this and build a “long gun” for cheap, especially if you don’t mind A2 receivers. A high reliability, soft shooting, flat trajectory rifle that is also dirt cheap? Yes please.